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Cordões



Cordões are like belts in other martial arts. They show the level of the player inside the hierarchy, their skill, their seniority in the art form, their merit for having been involved actively sometimes for many years. The outline below has been written up by our teacher and board member Renê. It is a work in progress and over time all the movements will have their video link connected to them. We are open for peer review and suggestions.


The System


There are two types of promotion a practitioner can receive, stripes and cords.


Stripes are a way to motivate a student and let them know that their hard work is not going unnoticed. They consist of strips of tape that are given out every month or six weeks for regular attendance. The stripes should be an unexpected surprise and encourage the students to strive for personal progress in their understanding and practice of the art.

Cords (“cordões”) are given at yearly events and batizados in the presence of a contramestre or mestre. The cord system is based roughly on the “Cordão de Ouro” layout, with the addition of a white cord at the very beginning. The colors used are those of the Brazilian flag. Our cordas have a specially braided section at one end to affix the stripes that have been earned. Blue (instrutor) is currently the highest level of our teachers, so our system only goes to there.



White Cord (Iniciante)


Beginners in our group start out with a white cord. At this level the student has a lot to learn, from fundamental techniques to core philosophies of capoeira. Required skill level and time to promotion to the green level can vary from six months to one year, depending on physical/athletic abilities, prior experience in martial arts and dedication to the art. Also a factor is the schedule for the next batizado, at which point the next cord can be obtained.


Green Cord (Iniciado)


A green cord holder is comfortable with the basic movements and techniques in capoeira. At this level the student will begin to develop a personal style. Skill level can vary and time to the next promotion (to green/yellow) is typically around one year depending on physical/athletic abilities, prior experience in martial arts and dedication to the art.


(See the standards required for this cord in section 01)


Green and Yellow Cord (Graduando)


A green and yellow cord is a sign of a deepening commitment to this beautiful art form. It takes a minimum of two additional years to move to the yellow cord.


(See the standards required for this cord in section 02)


Yellow Cord (Graduado)

A player with a yellow cord commands a solid all around game plan, with good technique including a set of traps for unwary opponents. Yellow cords are expected to actively help with organizing and conducting classes and other events of their local group. Maybe they would run their own kids class. It takes a minimum of three to four more years to move from here to yellow/blue.

(See the standards required for this cord in section 03)


Yellow and  Blue cord (Monitor)

A capoerista with a yellow and blue cord possesses a well developed toolbox of techniques for the game, and a sharp mind to analyze every situation in real time. A monitor will often help with teaching classes, or already run his/her own class. After four to six years at this level and showing strong commitment to the promotion the art form, to the refinement of their technique and to growing their group, students can hope for a blue cord. This decision will be in the hands of a mestre.


(See the standards required for this cord in section 04)


Blue Cord (Instrutor)

A blue cord can mark the height of physical accomplishment in capoeira. It also sets the beginning of a maturing process, as capoeristas at this level give their knowledge back to a larger number of students of their own. From now on they probably work closely with a mestre to assess and guide their progress and their increasing responsibilities in the art form.

(See the standards required for this cord in section 05)



Standards by Color



Section 01: Cordão verde (Green Cord, ~one year in capoeira)

Music

• (5 songs or more)



Rhythms using the Berimbau, Atabaque and Pandeiro:

• Angola

• Banguela(Benguela)


Movements

• Ginga

• Negativa and rolê

• Aú


Defensive movements

Cocorinha

Guarda baixa

Negativa da regional

• Esquiva lateral

Esquiva na base


Basic kicks

Meia lua de frente

Armada

Queixada

• Benção

Martelo-em-pé

Meia lua de compasso


The Language of Angola

• Passo-á-dois

• Chamada de cocorinha

• Passagem de tesouras

• Volta do mundo

• Queda de rins


Takedowns

• Vingativa

• Rasteira

• Tesoura de costa


Bimba's sequences

• First sequence


Capoeira history...                   





Section 02: Cordão verde e amarelo (Green and Yellow Cord, ~two years in capoeira)

Music

• (10 songs or more)


Rhythms using the Berimbau, Atabaque and Pandeiro:

• Angola

• Banguela(Benguela)

• Regional

• São bento grande de angola



Movements

• Ginga

• Negativa and rolê

• Aú

• Aú sem mãos



Defensive movements

Cocorinha

Guarda baixa

Negativa da regional

• Esquiva lateral

Esquiva na base

• Queda de três

• Queda de quatro

Negativa de angola



Basic kicks

Meia lua de frente

Armada

Queixada

• Benção

Martelo-em-pé

Meia lua de compasso

• Chapa-de-costas

Martelo-do-chão


The Language of Angola

• Passo-á-dois

• Chamada de cocorinha

• Passagem de tesouras

• Volta do mundo

• Queda de rins

• Saída para o jogo


Takedowns


• Vingativa

• Rasteira

• Tesoura de costa

• Banda de costas

• Tesoura de frente


Bimba's sequences

• First sequence

• Second sequence


Capoeira history...                   



                                                                                                                                                 

Section 03: Cordão amarelo (Yellow Cord, ~four years in capoeira)



Music


• (15 songs or more)


Rhythms using the Berimbau, Atabaque and Pandeiro:

• Angola

• Banguela(Benguela)

• Regional

• São bento grande de angola

• São bento pequeno

• Cavalaria

• Samba


Movements

• Ginga

• Negativa and rolê

• Aú

• Aú sem mãos


Defensive movements

Cocorinha

Guarda baixa

Negativa da regional

• Esquiva lateral

• Esquiva na base

• Queda de três

• Queda de quatro

Negativa de angola


Basic kicks

Meia lua de frente

Armada

Queixada

• Benção

Martelo-em-pé

Meia lua de compasso

• Chapa-de-costas

Martelo-do-chão


The Language of Angola

• Passo-á-dois

• Chamada de cocorinha

• Passagem de tesouras

• Volta do mundo

• Queda de rins

• Saída para o jogo



Takedowns

• Vingativa

• Rasteira

• Tesoura de costa

• Tesoura de frente

• Arrastão

• Boca de calça

• Boca de calça de costas

• Cruz

• Banda por dentro

• Banda de costas

• Açoite de braço


Bimba's sequences

• First sequence

• Second sequence

• Third sequence

• Fourth sequence


Capoeira history...    




Section 04: Cordão amarelo e azul (Yellow and Blue Cord, ~seven to eight years in capoeira)


Music


• (20 songs or more)


Rhythms using the Berimbau, Atabaque and Pandeiro:

• Angola

• Banguela(Benguela)

• Regional

• São bento grande de angola

• São bento pequeno

• Cavalaria

• Samba

• Santa Maria



Movements

• Ginga

• Negativa and rolê

• Aú

• Aú sem mãos


Defensive movements

Cocorinha

Guarda baixa

Negativa da regional

• Esquiva lateral

Esquiva na base

• Queda de três

• Queda de quatro

Negativa de angola


Basic kicks

Meia lua de frente

Armada

Queixada

• Benção

Martelo-em-pé

Meia lua de compasso

• Chapa-de-costas

Martelo-do-chão


The Language of Angola

• Passo-á-dois

• Chamada de cocorinha

• Passagem de tesouras

• Volta do mundo

• Queda de rins

• Saída para o jogo


Takedowns

• Vingativa

• Rasteira

• Tesoura de costa

• Tesoura de frente

• Arrastão

• Boca de calça

• Boca de calça de costas

• Cruz

• Banda de frente

• Banda por dentro

• Banda de costas

• Açoite de braço

• Negativa derrubando


Bimba's sequences

• All the sequences


Capoeira history...  

  


Section 05: Cordão azul (Blue Cord, ~eleven to fourteen years in capoeira)


Music


• (25 songs or more)


Rhythms using the Berimbau, Atabaque and Pandeiro:

• Angola

• Banguela(Benguela)

• Regional

• São bento grande de angola

• São bento pequeno

• Cavalaria

• Samba

• Santa Maria

• Samango

• Iuna

• Puxada de rede

• Maculele

• Amazonas



Movements

• Ginga

• Negativa and rolê

• Aú

• Aú sem mãos


Defensive movements

Cocorinha

Guarda baixa

Negativa da regional

• Esquiva lateral

Esquiva na base

• Queda de três

• Queda de quatro

Negativa de angola


Basic kicks

Meia lua de frente

Armada

Queixada

• Benção

Martelo-em-pé

Meia lua de compasso

• Chapa-de-costas

Martelo-do-chão


The Language of Angola

• Passo-á-dois

• Chamada de cocorinha

• Passagem de tesouras

• Volta do mundo

• Queda de rins

• Saída para o jogo


Takedowns

• Vingativa

• Rasteira

• Tesoura de costa

• Tesoura de frente

• Arrastão

• Boca de calça

• Boca de calça de costas

• Cruz

• Banda de frente

• Banda por dentro

• Banda de costas

• Açoite de braço

• Negativa derrubando


Other Kicks and Movements...

Cruzado (Chapa lateral)

• S-dobrado

• Chibata


• Esporão

Ponteira

• Vôo-do-morcego

• Macaco

• Meia lua pulada (Meia lua solta)

• Compasso

• Chapéu de couro

• Rabo de arraia

Armada with martelo

• Arpão de cabeça

• Escorumelo

• Asfixiante

• Galopante

• Godeme

• Cutelo

• Cotovelada

• Dedeira

• Telefone

• Parafuso

• Escorpião


Bimba's sequences

• All the sequences

• Cintura desprezada


Capoeira history...




As a blue cord holder you must have your own class!